Habitat & Cultivation : Originating from the Mediterranean region, sage is cultivated globally, flourishing in sunny environments. Spring marks the sowing season from seeds, and the plants undergo replacement every 3 to 4 years. Harvesting of the leaves takes place during the summer.
- Essential oil (I-2%)
- Phenolic compounds including rosmarinic acid
- Nerve tonic
- Nerve tonic : Continuing research conducted in the UK strongly validates the traditional use of sage for memory enhancement. In the latest study from 2008, a group of healthy volunteers, with an average age of 73, demonstrated substantial improvements in memory processing and attention accuracy after the consumption of a single dose of sage extract. Notably, a moderate dose equivalent to 2.5 g of sage was found to be more effective than higher doses.
- Sore throat : In a randomized trial published during 2006, a sage throat spray was found to relieve throat pain in people who had acute throat infection.
- Hormonal activity : Research has delved into the herb’s historical application during menopause. In the latest study, conducted in Switzerland in 2011, women experiencing a minimum of 12 months of hot flushes reported a notable average decrease of 64% in symptoms after an 8-week period of sage intake.
- Lowering blood fat levels : As per a clinical trial documented in Phytotherapy Research in 2011, the findings suggest that “sage may be a safe and effective treatment for hyperlipidemia.” Individuals who consumed sage exhibited improvements in all blood fat markers.
Traditional & Current Uses
- Sore throat : Sage’s combination of antiseptic and astringent action makes it ideal as a gargle for sore throats and throat infections. It can equally be used for mouth ulcers and sore gums.
- Hormonal remedy : Sage serves as a beneficial solution for irregular and scanty menstrual periods, promoting improved blood flow during menstruation. Believed to have the capacity to diminish or prevent sweating, sage is especially effective in addressing symptoms related to menopause. It aids in reducing occurrences of hot flushing and night sweats, offering a calming and relaxing aspect. Additionally, sage is known to decrease breast-milk production, making it a traditional choice for mothers during the weaning process.
- Digestive tonic : Sage has long traditional use as a digestive aid, supporting stomach health and promoting better digestion and absorption.