Habitat & Cultivation : Mullein, originating from central and southern Europe as well as western Asia, has become naturalized in numerous temperate regions. Thriving on open uncultivated terrain and along roadsides, mullein is a versatile plant. Harvesting of its leaves and flowers typically takes place in the summer season.
Parts Used : Leaves, flowers.
Constituents : Mullein contains mucilage, flavonoids, triterpenoid saponins, volatile oil and tannins.
History & Folklore : Mullein was historically attributed with both magical and medicinal qualities. The 16th-century herbalist John Gerard cast skepticism on the magical claims, stating, “there be some who think that this herb being carried about one, doth help the falling sickness… which thing is vain and superstitious.” However, he did acknowledge the medicinal value of mullein, particularly as a remedy for coughs.
Medicinal Actions & Uses : Mullein holds significant value as an herbal remedy for coughs and catarrh, specifically addressing tracheitis and bronchitis. The leaves and flowers can be infused to create a remedy that reduces mucus formation and promotes the expulsion of phlegm through coughing. Mullein synergizes effectively with other expectorants like coltsfoot and thyme. When applied externally, mullein exhibits emollient properties, making it beneficial for wound healing. In Germany, the flowers are immersed in olive oil, and the resulting fixed oil is employed as a treatment for ear infections and hemorrhoids.