Habitat & Cultivation : Found in temperate regions across the globe, nettle is a plant with shoots that are harvested in spring, serving as both a tonic and a vegetable. During the summer, when the plant is in bloom, the aerial parts are collected. In autumn, the root of the nettle plant is harvested for various uses.
- Flavonoids (quercitin)
- Amines (histamine, choline, acetylcholine, serotonin)
- Minerals (calcium, potassium, silicic acid, iron)
- Plant sterols (stigmast-4-en-zone and stigmasterol)
- Prevents haemorrhaging
- Reduces prostate enlargement (root)
- Root : Over the last two decades, clinical trials have provided evidence supporting the utilization of the root for treating an enlarged prostate and alleviating symptoms related to the lower urinary tract. It’s important to note that several of these trials examined the efficacy of the root in combination with saw palmetto rather than in isolation.
- Anti-arthritic : Research on the potential benefits of nettle in osteoarthritis has yielded varied outcomes. However, a French trial conducted in 2009 reported a reduction in the daily intake of anti-inflammatories among patients when nettle was combined with Vitamin E, zinc, and fish oil.
- Seeds : Results of a 2009 Iranian laboratory study suggested that the seeds are antioxidant and protect liver function.
Traditional & Current Uses
- Cleansing : A primary traditional application of nettle involves its role as a cleansing and detoxifying herb. With a diuretic action attributed to its flavonoids and abundant potassium content, nettle promotes increased urine production and facilitates the elimination of waste products. Additionally, it is known to offer support for various skin conditions and issues related to arthritis.
- Astringent : Nettle slows or stops bleeding from wounds and nosebleeds, and is good for heavy menstrual bleeding.